ETZEL - Irgun Tzvai Leumi

National Military organization


Etzel (Irgun Tzvai Leumi) - National Military organization. Armed Jewish underground organization, founded in 1931 by a group of Haganah commanders, who left the Haganah in protest against its defense charter. In April 1937, during the Arab riots, the organization splitabout half its members returned to the Haganah. The rest formed a new Irgun Zeva'i Le'umi (abbr. Etzel), which was ideologically linked with the Revisionist Movement and accepted the authority of its leader, Ze'ev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky.


Khayalim Enlisted

Khayal Soldier (private)


Sganim Junior commanders

Sgan Rosh Kvutza Deputy Squad Leader

During the early 40s the name of this rank was changed to Segen she-lo min ha-Minyan (generally the title of Segen was in use) Acting junior commander

Rosh Kvutza - Squad Leader

Samal Junior commander (Platoon commander)

Samal Rishon Junior commander 1st class (Company commander)

This rank was introduced in early 40s

Rav-Samal Junior commander master class (Company/Battalion commander)


Ktzinim Senior commander

Gundar Sheni [Platoon] commander 2nd class (Battalion/District commander)

During the 40s the name of this rank was changed to Gundar

Gundar Rishon [Platoon] commander 1st class (District commander or every High Command appointment)

e.g. Menachem Begin held this rank

Saran or Seren Military commander (the only ETZEL person holding this rank was Jaacov Meridor)

Aluf High commander (the only ETZEL person holding this rank was David Raziel)

Ha-Matzbi Ha-Elyon Commander in Chief (this title was retained for Zeev Jabotinsky)

Ha-Manhig The Leader (this title was retained for Theodor Herzl)


Robert Bitker

Etzel commander (1937-1938)

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